fire doors for commercial buildings

Fire rated doors: FD30, FD60, FD90 and FD120

Fire-rated doors, such as FD30, FD60, FD90, and FD120, provide specified levels of protection against fire. Understanding these labels is crucial for enhancing property safety.

Stick around to uncover the importance of these fire-rated doors in upgrading your fire safety measures.

Key Takeaways

  • Different fire rated doors (FD30, FD60, FD90, FD120) offer varying levels of fire resistance suitable for diverse environments.
  • Fire rated doors must adhere to specific regulations to maintain their effectiveness in preventing fire spread.
  • Features and benefits of fire rated doors include fire resistance, thickness, intumescent strips, and cost-effectiveness.
  • Choosing and maintaining fire rated doors according to specific needs and requirements can enhance safety and potentially save lives.


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An extra five minutes to escape

The addition of fire rated doors in properties with multiple occupants can give people up to five extra minutes to escape from the building in the event of a fire. That doesn’t sound like much but every second really does count in these life-threatening situations.

Check our communal entrance doors here→

We have fitted thousands of doors with certain fire door ratings in properties across Europe and have developed a wide variety of options to suit every type of project from social housing through to luxury apartment complexes. All of these particular doors have one thing in common: they will always meet, and often exceed, the toughest specifications and standards.

Save lives with a door the has a fire door rating

Installing the correct fire door is a matter of life and death. Fire doors are installed specifically to save lives and protect property should a fire occur. Their task is simple but their detail is a little more complex, so we’ve compiled this article to explain both FD30 and FD60 fire doors to help you choose the correct one.

In the first instance, you must always consult the UK’s national Building Regulations (Part B refers directly to fire safety and is split into domestic and non-domestic buildings) and understand the specific requirements of fire doors in relation to where they are located within a property or building.

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Slow the spread of a fire

Fire doors, for example, are commonly used to divide a building into sections with the aim of slowing the spread of a fire. If a fire can be successfully decelerated this gives any individuals in the building to quickly and safely exit the premises. Studying the relevant Building Regulations will provide you with the information you need to achieve the fire safety requirements of your building.

It is worth noting that apartments and flats are classed as non-domestic buildings and, therefore, require a higher level of fire safety than standard, domestic homes. As such, we always recommend installing FD60 doors in flats and apartment buildings. More on this below!

What is an FD30 and FD60 fire door?

Fire doors are available in several ‘fire door ratings’ and are commonly used in hallways or as front doors in apartment blocks. In this article, we will concentrate on FD30 and FD60 fire doors.

An FD30 rated fire door means that the door has been tested to withstand fire for up to 30 minutes. One that carries an FD60 rating means it has been tested to withstand fire for up to 60 minutes.

Here at Secure House, we have a range of FD30 and FD60 doors that satisfy UK Building Regulations Part B. Not only are our fire doors totally fit for purpose, they are also aesthetically pleasing so there is no design compromise. We also have a range of burglary resistant and bulletproof RC3 and RC4 fire doors which can include security glazing such as PB6 axe resistant glass.

All of our fire doors are available as either singles or doubles and we can also provide a wide selection hardware for any of the doors such as panic exit devices and oversize door handles for easy operation.

Need a steel security door that’s also fire rated?

Look no further, you’ve found it! We have a fantastic range with options including 30, 45, 60 & 90 minute fire rated doors, right up several that offer a 120 minute fire rating. All of the doors are also either RC3 or RC4 security rated. Here are a few examples… For more details, call us or pop into our showroom where we’ll be more than happy to help!

At Secure House, there is never any compromise on safety or design: we’re all about keeping people, property and assets as safe as possible. So, whether you’re a landlord, a social housing provider, an architect or an apartment owner looking to further enhance the fire safety and security credentials of your property, call us to discuss how you can gain those extra five minutes when you need them the most.

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Understanding Fire Rated Doors

When it comes to understanding fire rated doors, one must comprehend that the different types, such as FD30, FD60, FD90, and FD120, are designed to provide varying levels of fire resistance, tailored for specific applications and environments. Each type is meticulously engineered to meet stringent fire safety standards, enhancing the overall safety of your building.

An FD30, for instance, offers 30 minutes of fire resistance, making it optimal for most domestic settings. If you’re dealing with commercial or high-risk areas, an FD60, capable of providing 60 minutes of fire protection, is what you’d typically go for. For specialized industrial settings, the robust FD90 with its 90-minute fire resistance could be the ideal choice, while the FD120, providing a whopping 120 minutes of fire protection, is designed for high-risk and critical infrastructures.

The material durability of these doors plays a crucial role in their performance. The better the material, the greater the fire resistance, ensuring they can withstand intense heat without compromising their structural integrity. Understanding these distinctions is key to complying with building codes and enhancing fire safety in your environment. So, when you’re selecting a door, consider the fire risk in your specific area or building and choose accordingly.

Regulations of Fire Rating in Doors

In order to maintain safety and compliance, it’s crucial that your fire rated doors meet the stringent regulations associated with their specific fire ratings. Understanding these regulations is a pivotal step in ensuring the fire safety standards of your building.

Fire rating regulations stipulate that fire doors must be installed according to certain requirements. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Fire rated doors must fit snugly within their frames, leaving gaps no greater than 3mm on the sides and 6mm on the bottom.
  • Door closers must be in place to ensure that the doors remain shut when not in use.
  • Any glass used within the door should be fire-resistant.
  • Hardware such as handles, locks, and hinges must be compliant with fire safety standards.

Being aware of the installation requirements and the specific fire rating of your doors is integral to maintaining safety. Remember, each minute of resistance can mean the difference between containment and catastrophe. Stay ahead of the curve by ensuring your fire doors are up to code. You’ll not only be enhancing safety but also investing in the longevity and resilience of your property.

Features and Benefits of FD30 Fire Rated Doors

Building upon our understanding of fire safety regulations, let’s explore the specific features and benefits of FD30 fire rated doors, a popular choice for both residential and commercial settings. These doors offer 30 minutes of fire resistance, providing ample time for evacuation and firefighting measures.

When considering installation tips, it’s important to note that FD30 doors are 44-45mm thick, making them suitable for most settings. Material options for these doors often include an intumescent strip and fire-rated core, enhancing the door’s fire resistance capabilities.

Design considerations for FD30 doors are wide-ranging, allowing for customization to fit the aesthetic of any building while maintaining high safety standards.

Here’s a brief table summarizing key aspects:

Feature Benefit
30 minutes fire resistance Provides ample time for evacuation
44-45mm thickness Suitable for most settings
Intumescent strip and fire-rated core Enhances fire resistance
Wide design options Fits any aesthetic
Cost-effective Meets fire safety regulations effectively

Choosing FD30 fire rated doors gives you peace of mind, knowing that you’ve invested wisely in safety and complied with fire safety regulations.

Features and Benefits of FD60 Fire Rated Doors

Let’s delve into the features and benefits of FD60 fire rated doors, which are specifically engineered to offer an impressive 60 minutes of fire protection, thus doubling the resistance time compared to FD30 doors.

Being 54mm thick, these doors are robust and durable, designed to withstand intense conditions. But what makes them truly stand out are:

  • Installation considerations: FD60 doors are straightforward to install, but they require professional expertise to ensure optimal fire protection.
  • Fire testing: Rigorous fire testing ensures that these doors live up to their claim of providing 60 minutes of resistance.
  • Cost effectiveness: Despite being more expensive than FD30 doors, the enhanced protection they provide makes them a cost-effective choice in the long run.
  • Durability: The quality construction of these doors ensures they can withstand daily wear and tear, making them a sound investment.

You’ll also appreciate the customization options available with FD60 doors, allowing them to blend seamlessly into any decor, and their wide range of industry applications. FD60 doors aren’t just about safety; they’re about innovation, efficiency, and peace of mind.

Features and Benefits of FD90 Fire Rated Doors

Delving into the world of FD90 fire rated doors, you’ll find they’re a powerhouse of safety, offering a remarkable 90 minutes of fire protection, significantly more than the FD30 and FD60 doors. This makes them ideal for high-risk areas where a longer fire resistance period is necessary.

Their installation process, while more complex due to their robustness, ensures that the door is securely fitted for maximum efficiency. The material composition of these doors, typically a dense core of fire-resistant materials, is designed for long term durability. This ensures that they can withstand not just fire, but also the general wear and tear of daily use.

Their thickness also enhances their ability to withstand fire, providing additional time for evacuation and emergency response. They meet stringent fire safety regulations, adding an extra layer of protection for both lives and property.

Below is a brief comparison of FD90 doors with others:

Feature FD90
Fire Protection 90 minutes
Installation Process Complex but secure
Material Composition Dense fire-resistant material

With FD90 doors, you’re not only investing in a product, but in peace of mind, knowing you have reliable protection against fire.

Features and Benefits of FD120 Fire Rated Doors

Moving onto FD120 fire rated doors, these heavy-duty doors offer an unparalleled 120 minutes of fire protection, making them an essential choice for areas with high fire risk such as industrial settings. With their enhanced protection, they serve as an ironclad barrier, safeguarding lives and property during fires.

Their benefits are manifold, and extend beyond what you might expect. Here’s a closer look:

  • Enhanced protection: The thick, robust structure of these doors ensures they withstand intense heat and flames for a longer duration, minimizing the spread of fire.
  • Industrial applications: Given their extended fire resistance, FD120 doors are perfect for high-risk areas like factories, warehouses, and power plants.
  • Extended durability: Crafted for endurance, these doors have an extended lifespan, even in the harshest of conditions.
  • Compliance: Choosing FD120 doors guarantees compliance with stringent fire safety regulations, keeping your building up to code.

Therefore, when you’re considering fire safety in your industrial settings, FD120 doors are a worthy investment. They go beyond the standard, offering enhanced protection for extended periods, and bring peace of mind in the face of potential fire risks.

Differences Between FD30, FD60, FD90, and FD120

While the FD120 doors provide formidable protection in high-risk environments, it’s important to understand that not all fire rated doors are alike, with FD30, FD60, and FD90 doors each offering different levels of fire resistance suitable for various applications.

The FD30 doors, with their 30-minute fire resistance level, are typically used in residential settings. You’ll find that the material composition of these doors is designed to slow the spread of flames, giving you ample time to evacuate safely. Their installation requirements, while rigorous, are straightforward and typically handled by certified professionals.

Moving up, the FD60 doors double the resistance time, providing a full hour of fire protection. These are commonly used in commercial environments, where the potential for larger, more destructive fires is higher.

FD90 doors, with their 90-minute fire resistance level, are designed for high-risk areas or industrial buildings. Their material composition and installation requirements are engineered for optimal performance under extreme conditions.

Safety Measures and Fire Rated Doors

Your safety is significantly heightened when you incorporate fire rated doors into your building’s safety measures, as these doors are specifically designed to slow and contain the spread of fire and smoke. These doors are a vital part of fire safety, allowing occupants to reach emergency exits in a timely manner.

Here’s what you need to know about these innovative, life-saving doors:

  • Fire rated doors, such as FD30 and FD60, provide a specified level of fire resistance, giving valuable time for evacuation and fire containment.
  • They’re equipped with intumescent seals that expand at high temperatures, forming a barrier against fire and smoke.
  • Each door type is designed to meet specific fire resistance requirements outlined in building codes.
  • There’s a variety of styles available, from traditional to modern, to suit different architectural needs.

Incorporating fire rated doors into your building’s safety measures isn’t just a smart move—it’s a potential lifesaver. By understanding their function and importance, you can make informed decisions, enhancing the safety of your building and potentially saving lives.

Choosing the Right Fire Rated Door

Selecting the appropriate fire rated door for your property involves several key considerations, including the required level of fire resistance, door construction materials, aesthetic style, certifications, and price. First, consider your property’s needs: FD30, FD60, FD90, and FD120 doors offer different levels of fire resistance, from 30 to 120 minutes.

Next, review the door’s construction. Solid core doors with intumescent seals are recommended for their superior fire resistance. Consider the style too. From traditional to modern or textured, there’s a fire rated door that’ll complement your property’s aesthetic.

Check for certifications. Doors compliant with fire safety regulations provide assurance of quality and performance. Finally, compare prices. Balance cost with your other requirements to make an informed choice.

We also offer installation tips to ensure your door provides maximum protection. Maintenance requirements are minimal but crucial to keep your door in top shape. Don’t forget about customization options. You can tailor your door to meet specific needs or design preferences. Remember, choosing the right fire rated door is a significant step towards enhancing your property’s safety.

Maintenance Tips for Fire Rated Doors

To ensure your fire rated door continues to offer maximum protection, it’s vital to carry out regular maintenance checks and adhere to manufacturer’s guidelines. Your door’s ability to fulfill its fire resistance capabilities depends heavily on how well it’s maintained.

Pay special attention to the following key areas:

  • Intumescent seals and door edges: These need frequent checks as they expand under high temperatures to seal the gap between the door and the frame. If damaged, they can compromise the fire resistance of the door.
  • Door components: Regularly inspect hinges, handles, and locks. Any worn-out components should be replaced promptly to ensure the door functions optimally.
  • Door closure: The door should close properly without any gaps. Any gaps can allow fire and smoke to pass through, reducing the effectiveness of the door.
  • Self-closing mechanism: This should be tested regularly to ensure it functions correctly. A malfunctioning self-closing mechanism is a common issue that can nullify the effectiveness of the fire rated door.

Case Studies: Fire Rated Doors in Action

Building on the importance of regular maintenance for fire rated doors, let’s now look at some real-world examples where these doors have proven their worth in fire emergencies.

In a recent industrial fire, an FD60 door effectively contained the blaze for over an hour, allowing workers to safely evacuate. The door’s effectiveness was demonstrated clearly, with minimal smoke damage beyond the fire’s origin point, showcasing its real-life application.

In a separate residential incident, an FD30 door offered practical benefits, providing the necessary 30-minute fire barrier, enabling all occupants to escape unharmed and preventing the fire from consuming the entire building.

In a high-rise building fire, an FD120 door effectively barricaded the fire for two full hours. This action limited the fire’s spread to other floors, demonstrating the door’s effectiveness and its essential role in comprehensive fire safety strategies.

In each case, the fire rated doors performed their role impeccably, underscoring the importance of having such doors installed and well-maintained. These case studies vividly illustrate the life-saving capabilities of fire rated doors when properly used and maintained.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Are the Requirements for a Fire-Rated Door?

For installing a fire-rated door, you’ll need to consider safety standards and material selection. Ensure it’s properly hung, has intumescent seals, and is made of fire-resistant material. Each element’s quality is vital for optimal protection.

What Doors Have to Be Fire-Rated?

You’ll need fire-rated doors in areas like stairwells, corridors, and rooms storing flammable materials. These doors’ materials, installation procedures, and maintenance all play a role in effectively preventing fire spread and ensuring safety.

What Makes a Door Fire-Rated?

To make a door fire-rated, you’ll carefully select fire-resistant materials, follow specific installation processes, and adhere to maintenance guidelines. This ensures the door can withstand fire for a predetermined time.

How Do You Check if a Door Is Fire-Rated?

You’ll check a door’s fire rating by inspecting door labels for certification. This process is vital, as it verifies the door’s ability to withstand fire for a specified time, enhancing safety in your building.